Hispanola, is the most populous island within the Caribbean archipelago known as the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. It is the region’s second-largest island after Cuba, with an area of 76,192 square kilometers (29,418 sq mi).
On January 12, 2010 Haiti was struck by an earthquake, killing more than 230,000 people and injuring 300,000. Medical facilities in the disaster-affected region were almost destroyed. Then again on October 6, 2018 a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck 19 kilometers northwest of Port-de-Paix, Haiti. The earthquake damaged structures and killed 18 people.
When the earthquake struck, the Dominican Republic rushed in tons of food, water, and supplies to help Haitians. They also opened their borders to international aid workers coming into Haiti and gave university students with ties to Haiti conduits to go back and help their families without any penalty. Also, the Dominican people and officials organized fundraisers and donated money to the Haiti relief effort.
Four months after the January 12th earthquake that destroyed Port-au-Prince, there were signs that the almost 200-year tension between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, both sharing the island of Hispaniola, might be reaching a seminal moment for the better.
Shortly after the devastating earthquake that rocked the island of Hispanola in 2010, Governments and Organized Relief Agencies worldwide flocked to the Island to help clean up major cities in Haiti, the worst areas hit by the earthquake, and try to control the chaos.
On 27 January, WHO (World Health Organization) in Haiti also identified the types of medicines and supplies needed at that present time. These needs were identified in the following attachment:
WHO wants to avoid the supply of inappropriate medicines and equipment to Haiti and, instead, ensure essential medical supplies are identified and provided so to best support the health relief efforts underway in the country.
Medicines and medical equipment are an essential element in alleviating suffering, and international humanitarian relief efforts can greatly benefit from donations of appropriate medical supplies.
Unfortunately, disasters do not always lead to an objective assessment of emergency medical needs based on epidemiological data and past experience. Very often an emotional appeal for massive medical assistance is issued without guidance on what are the priority needs. The result is that many donations may cause problems instead of being helpful.
To address those issues, WHO has published guidelines for drug donations and guidelines for health care equipment donations.