Ravi Zacharias International Evangelical and Apologist Dies at 74

Ravi Zacharias International Evangelical and Apologist Dies at 74

MEMORIAM: RAVI ZACHARIAS (1946 – 2020)

It was there in 2018, Zacharias told the story of standing with his successor in front of Lazarus’s grave in Cyprus. The stone simply reads, “Lazarus, four days dead, friend of Christ.” Zacharias turned to Ramsden and said if he was remembered as “a friend of Christ, that would be all I want.”

ABRIDGED

So Much For A Palm Reading

When Ravi Zacharias was a cricket-loving boy on the streets of India, his mother called him in to meet the local sari seller-turned-palm reader. “Looking at your future, Ravi Baba, you will not travel far or very much in your life,” he declared. “That’s what the lines on your hand tell me. There is no future for you abroad.” By the time a 37-year-old Zacharias preached, at the invitation of Billy Graham, to the inaugural International Conference for Itinerant Evangelists in Amsterdam in 1983, (view the address here). Ravi was becoming one of the foremost defenders of Christianity’s intellectual credibility. A year later, he founded Ravi Zacharias International Ministries (RZIM):

“Helping the Thinker Believe and the Believer Think.”

Worldwide Mission: Family Affair

In the time between the palm reading  and the founding of RZIM, Zacharias  immigrated to Canada, took the gospel across North America, prayed with POWs in Vietnam, and ministered to students in Cambodia. He began a global preaching journey with The Christian and Missionary Alliance, along with his wife and eldest daughter. This trip started in England, worked eastward through Europe and the Middle East, and finished on the Pacific Rim. That year, Zacharias preached nearly 600 times in over a dozen countries.

The First Malayam – Indian Biblical Translation

In the Indian state of Kerala, his paternal great-grandfather and grandfather produced the 20th Century’s first Malayalam: English dictionary. This dictionary served as the cornerstone of the first Malayam translation of the Bible. Further back, Zacharias’ great-great-great-grandmother shocked her Nambudiri family, the highest caste of the Hindu priesthood, by converting to Christianity. 

The Tomb Of Doubting Thomas And Zacharias

It was the culmination of a transformation set in motion when Zacharias, recovering in a Delhi hospital from a suicide attempt at age 17, was read the words of Jesus recorded in the Bible by the Apostle, John: “Because I live, you will also live.”  Ravi surrendered his life to Christ and offered up a prayer that if he recovered, he would leave no stone unturned in pursuit of truth. Once Zacharias found the gospel, his passion for sharing it burned bright until the very end. Last week,  as he returned home to Atlanta from Texas, where he had been undergoing chemotherapy, Zacharias was sharing the hope of Jesus to the nurses who tucked him in his transport. Frederick Antony Ravi Kumar Zacharias was born in Madras, in 1946, in the shadow of martyred Apostle Thomas, known to the world as the “Doubter” but to Ravi as the “Great Questioner.” Zacharias’ affinity with Thomas indicated more interest in the questioner than the question itself. His mother was a teacher. His father, rose through the ranks of the Indian civil service. An unremarkable student, Ravi was more interested in cricket – until his encounter with the gospel in the hospital. Nevertheless, a bold, radical faith ran in his genes. In the Indian state of Kerala, his paternal great-grandfather and grandfather produced the 20th Century’s first Malayalam: English dictionary. This dictionary served as the cornerstone of the first Malayam translation of the Bible. Further back, Zacharias’ great-great-great-grandmother shocked her Nambudiri family, the highest caste of the Hindu priesthood, by converting to Christianity. With conversion came a new surname, Zacharias, and a new path that started her descendants on a road to the Christian faith. Zacharias saw the Lord’s work in his family  and infused RZIM with transgenerational and transcultural devotion to the gospel. He created a ministry that transcended his intriguing personality, where every speaker presents the truth in a contemporary context.

Under Fire: Vietnam – Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa

Zacharias believed if you achieved that, your message would always be necessary. However, where once there was a single speaker, now there are nearly 100 speakers who can be found sharing the gospel at events across the globe;  the ministry has a presence in 17 countries on five continents. Zacharias’ passion and urgency to take the gospel to all nations was forged in Vietnam, in the summer of ’71. Zacharias  immigrated to Canada in 1966,  after winning an international preaching award . It was in Toronto, that the veteran missionary to Vietnam, heard Ravi. She invited him to Vietnam. That summer, Zacharias, age 25—was flown across the country by helicopter to preach at military bases, hospitals and prisons to the Vietcong. Most nights, Zacharias and his translator  would fall asleep to gunfire. On one trip , Zacharias and his companions’ car broke down. The jeep that passed ignored their waves. When they got the engine running, they passed that jeep – overturned and riddled with bullets, all passengers dead.  Ravi reflected “God will stop our steps when it is not our time, and He will lead us when it is.” Days later, Zacharias and his translator stood at the graves of six missionaries, killed by the Vietcong. Zacharias knew some of their children. It was Ravi’s trust in God, and the desire to stand beside those who minister in the most dangerous locations in the world; that is a hallmark of RZIM. Its support for Christian evangelists in  northern Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, can be traced back to that graveside moment. After this influential trip, Zacharias and his new bride moved to Illinois, so he could study for a Master of Divinity at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. After graduating, Zacharias taught at Alliance Theological Seminary in New York and continued to travel, preaching on weekends. Full-time teaching, extensive travel and itinerant preaching led Zacharias to describe these years as the toughest in his 48-year marriage. He felt the seminary was changing him and his preaching far more than he was changing lives.

 A Keynote For A Lifetime

“in certain strands of evangelicalism, we sometimes think it is necessary to so humiliate someone of a different worldview than we think unless we destroy everything he holds valuable, we cannot preach to him the gospel of Christ…what I am saying is this, when you are trying to reach someone, please be sensitive to what he holds valuable.”

At this point, Billy Graham invited Zacharias to speak at his first International Conference for Itinerant Evangelists in Amsterdam in 1983. Ravi didn’t realize Graham knew him . In front of 3,800 evangelists from 133 countries, Zacharias opened with the line, “My message is a very difficult one….” He went on to tell them that religions, 20th-century cultures and philosophies had formed “vast chasms between the message of Christ and the mind of man.” Even more difficult was his message, which received a mid-talk ovation, about his fear that, “in certain strands of evangelicalism, we sometimes think it is necessary to so humiliate someone of a different worldview than we think unless we destroy everything he holds valuable, we cannot preach to him the gospel of Christ…what I am saying is this, when you are trying to reach someone, please be sensitive to what he holds valuable.”

Origin Meaning Morality Destiny

That talk changed Zacharias’ future and arguably the future of apologetics, dealing with the hard questions of Origin, Meaning, Morality and Destiny that every worldview must answer. Flying back to the U.S., Zacharias shared his thoughts. As one colleague has expressed, “He saw the objections and questions of others not as something to be rebuffed, but as a cry of the heart that had to be answered. People weren’t logical problems waiting to be solved; they were people who needed the person of Christ.” No one was reaching out to the thinker, to the questioner…. meet the thinker where they are, to train  evangelist-apologists to reach opinion-makers. With the ministry established, the Zacharias family moved to Atlanta. The family had grown by two. Atlanta was Ravi’s home for the last 36 years of his life.

Meeting the thinker face-to-face was an intrinsic part of Zacharias’ ministry, with thrilling post-event Q&A sessions often lasting long into the night. Not to be quelled in the sharing of the gospel, Zacharias also took to the airwaves in the 1980s. Many people across the world, came to hear the message of Christ for the first time through Zacharias’ radio program, Let My People Think. In weekly half-hour slots, Zacharias explored issues such as the credibility of the Christian message and the Bible, the weakness of modern intellectual movements, and the uniqueness of Jesus Christ. Today, Let My People Think is syndicated to over 2,000 stations in 32 countries and has also been downloaded 15.6 million times as a podcast over the last year.

Cambridge – Oxford – Ten Honorary Doctorates

As the ministry grew so did the demands on Zacharias. In 1990, he took a sabbatical at Ridley Hall in Cambridge. It was a time surrounded by family, and where he wrote the first of his 28 books, A Shattered Visage: The Real Face of Atheism. It was no coincidence that throughout his itinerant life, it was among his family and wife, that his writing was most productive. She inspired each of Zacharias’ books. With her eagle eye and keen mind, she read the first draft of every manuscript, from The Logic of God, which was just awarded the Evangelical Christian Publishers Association (ECPA) Christian Book Award.  His latest work, Seeing Jesus from the East, is co-authored with colleague Abdu Murray. Others include the ECPA Gold Medallion Book Award winner, Can Man Live Without God?, and Christian bestsellers, Jesus Among Other Gods and The Grand Weaver. Zacharias’ books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have been translated into over a dozen languages. Zacharias’ desire to train evangelists undergirded with apologetics, in order to engage with culture shapers, had been happening informally over the years but finally became formal in 2004. It was a momentous year for Zacharias and the ministry with the establishment of OCCA, the Oxford Centre for Christian Apologetics; the launch of Wellspring International; and Zacharias’ appearance at the United Nations Annual International Prayer Breakfast. OCCA was founded with the help of Professor Alister McGrath, the RZIM team and the staff at Wycliffe Hall, a permanent private hall of Oxford University, where Zacharias was an honorary Senior Research Fellow between 2007 and 2015. Over his lifetime Zacharias would receive 10 honorary doctorates in recognition of his public commitment to Christian thought, including one from the National University of San Marcos, the oldest established university in the Americas. Over the years, OCCA has trained over 400 students from 50 countries who have gone on to carry the gospel across the world. Some have continued to follow an explicit calling as evangelists and apologists in Christian settings, and many others have gone on to take up roles in each of the spheres of influence Zacharias always dreamed of reaching: the arts, academia, business, media and politics. In 2017, another apologetics training facility, the Zacharias Institute, was established at the ministry’s headquarters in Atlanta, to continue the work of equipping all who desire to effectively share the gospel and answer the common objections to Christianity with gentleness and respect. In 2014, the same heart lay behind the creation of the RZIM Academy, an online apologetics training curriculum. Across 140 countries, the Academy’s courses have been accessed by thousands in multiple languages.

Wellspring International A Haven For Sex-Trafficked Women and Children

In the same year OCCA was founded, Zacharias launched Wellspring International, the humanitarian division of the ministry. Wellspring International was shaped by the memory of his mother’s heart to work with the destitute and is led by his daughter. Founded on the principle that love is the most powerful apologetic, it exists to come alongside local partners that meet critical needs of vulnerable women and children around the world. Zacharias’ appearance at the U.N. in 2004 was the second of four that he made in the 21st century and represented his increasing impact in the arena of global evangelical leadership. He had first made his mark as the Cold War was coming to an end. His wider vision and ease among his fellow man, whether Soviet military leader or precocious Ivy League undergrad, opened doors that had been closed for many years.

Moscow-Colombia-Manila -Abu Dhabi -Harvard

One such military leader was General Yuri Kirshin, who in 1992 paved the way for Zacharias to speak at the Lenin Military Academy in Moscow. Zacharias saw the cost of enforced atheism in the Soviet Union; the abandonment of religion had created the illusion of power and the reality of self-destruction. A year later, Zacharias traveled to Colombia, where he spoke to members of the judiciary on the necessity of a moral framework to make sense of the incoherent worldview that had taken hold in the South American nation. Zacharias’s standing on the world stage spanned the continents and the decades.

In January 2020, as part of his final foreign trip, he was invited by  world champion boxer and Philippines Senator Manny Pacquiao to speak at the National Bible Day Prayer Breakfast in Manila. It was an invitation that followed Zacharias’ November 2019 appearance at The National Theatre in Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates’ Year of Tolerance. In 1992, Zacharias’ apologetics ministry expanded from the political arena to academia with the launching of the first ever Veritas Forum, hosted on the campus of Harvard University. Zacharias was asked to be the keynote speaker at the inaugural event. The lectures Zacharias delivered would form the basis of the best-selling book, Can Man Live Without God?, and would open up opportunities to speak at university campuses across the world. The invitations exposed Zacharias to the intense longing of young people for meaning and identity. Twenty-eight years after that first Veritas Forum event, in what would be his last speaking engagement, Zacharias spoke to a crowd of over 7,000 at the University of Miami on the subject, “Does God Exist?” [New Year’s Day, 2020 Ravi addressed 64,000 youth at Passion City Conference at Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Atlanta]

ANGOLA – Gospel in the Dark

It was his third visit to Angola and, such is his deep connection, the inmates have made Zacharias the coffin in which he will be buried.

It is a question also asked behind the walls of Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola Prison, the largest maximum-security prison in the United States. Zacharias had prayed with prisoners of war in Vietnam but walking through Death Row left a deeper impression. Zacharias believed the gospel shined with grace and power, especially in the darkest places, and praying with those on Death Row “makes it impossible to block the tears.” It was his third visit to Angola and, such is his deep connection, the inmates have made Zacharias the coffin in which he will be buried.  In Seeing Jesus from the East, “These prisoners know that this world is not their home and that no coffin could ever be their final destination. Jesus assured us of that.”

Taking Care of Business

In November 2019, a few months after his last visit to Angola, Zacharias stepped down as President of RZIM to focus on his worldwide speaking commitments and writing projects. He passed the leadership to his eldest daughter Sarah Davis as Global CEO and long-time colleague, Michael Ramsden as President. Davis had served as the ministry’s Global Executive Director since 2011, while Ramsden had established the European wing of the ministry in Oxford in 1997. It was there in 2018, Zacharias told of standing with his successor in front of Lazarus’s grave in Cyprus. The stone simply reads, “Lazarus, four days dead, friend of Christ.” Zacharias turned to Ramsden and said if he was remembered as “a friend of Christ, that would be all I want.”

Writer’s note:  Ravi Zacharias had a way of engaging his most antagonistic opponents in a way that kept the dignity of both parties intact. He is noted for his snow white hair, gentle projection – which could boom loudly and quickly as needed. He is one of the most influential and prolific servants of his faith. Ravi’s legacy will continue as hundreds of his most famous and historic messages are readily available online, including his address to the Mormon Tabernacle, where he was given clearance to preach the sufficiency of Jesus. He has 28 books in print and a few more posthumous ones that could not be published while he was still alive. Ravi has broken bread with leaders of Hamas and hostile, oppressive leaders in governments worldwide. There is more to learn – as if he hadn’t done enough.

When we got word he’d died, there was no doubt – Ravi can add, “good and faithful servant” to his accomplishments.

~~~

~~Press Release By Matthew Fearon, RZIM U.K. content manager and journalist with The Sunday Times of London

Ravi Zacharias, who died of cancer on May 19, 2020, at age 74, is survived by Margie, his wife of 48- years; his three children—Sarah, the Global CEO of RZIM, Naomi, Director of Wellspring International, and Nathan, RZIM’s Creative Director for Media; and five grandchildren.

~~Abridged and Edited by Lynne Wolfe

UPDATE: Kayleigh McEnany delivered this tribute to Ravi Zacharias:

Courtesy CBN News

 

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